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Status and Threats
Data are gathered to compare protected areas with species needing protection

Ideally should include current distribution and biodiversity status and trends. Mapping all species is impossible so analysis relies on data for well-known species (e.g., birds); species representing particular habitats; and ecosystems. Mapping can be “coarse filter” (ecosystems, habitats) or “fine filter” (species and specialised habitats). Studies involve consolidating diverse data sets; using GIS; standardising habitat classification; and predictive models. Indicators should represent as much of the total biodiversity as possible; provide adequate data; and be sympathetic to other stakeholders

Different types of information can all be useful, including data on:

  • Realms: amount of protection for major biomes such as freshwater, marine and grasslands, gives useful information


  • Environmental domains and enduring features: where native vegetation has disappeared, geographical features can help to infer likely ecosystems; useful to plan restoration


  • Ecosystems: a much quicker way of collecting information over a wide area, or where an entire ecosystem is under-represented in a protected area system


  • Species groups: using one or more particularly well studied group – often mammals, birds or amphibians


  • Focal species: using a carefully selected choice of species to provide in total as good an overview of ecosystems and species as possible


Available Resources For: Status and Threats
1. Resources - AZE brochuresummarydownload
2. Resources - IUCN Red Listsummaryvisit web site