Programmes to reduce biodiversity loss rely heavily on protected areas.
Global efforts to address this crisis are accelerating with the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) providing political momentum. Protected areas are a primary conservation tool, acting as refuges for species and ecological processes that cannot survive in altered landscapes and seascapes.
The CBD was agreed at the 1992 Earth Summit and has been ratified by 188 nations. Its main goals are: the conservation of biological diversity; the sustainable use of its components; and the equitable sharing of its benefits . Its Programme of Work on Protected Areas aims to complete ecologically-representative global protected area networks: “To establish and strengthen national and regional systems of protected areas integrated into a global network as a contribution to globally agreed goals”. As part of this , countries are requested to carry out a gap analysis to help select the best sites to add to their protected area network.
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